Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of systems and structures upon which society depends every day – from buildings and the plants that power them, to the roads, bridges, tunnels, and waterways that connect them. Civil engineering also encompasses the control of the environment for the maintenance and improvement of our quality of life.
Civil Engineers must simultaneously be inquisitive, detail-oriented, and able to face complex problems. In their designs, civil engineers must consider potential environmental hazards, construction costs, and government regulations while protecting the environment and preserving social values.
Careers in Civil Engineering
As a civil engineer, you have many subspecialty areas to choose from:
- Structural Engineers are concerned with the design and analysis of buildings, bridges, and other infrastructures.
- Transportation Engineers design highways, interchanges, high-speed railroad systems, traffic signal systems, and airports.
- Geotechnical Engineers explore the subsurface conditions of a site and determine what types of foundations should be used.
- Environmental Engineers design systems to minimize pollution caused by wastewater, storm water, hazardous materials, chemicals and air & noise.
- Water Resource Engineers design dams and channels to prevent erosion and flooding caused by heavy rains.
- Construction Engineers use technology to minimize the cost of building and maintaining the world’s infrastructures.