All members of the Christian Brothers University community
are expected to familiarize themselves with, and to abide by, the terms of the
Copyright Act of 1976 (17 USC, Sec 101 et seq., Public Law 94-553, and its
revisions), particularly with respect to Section 107 and its limitations on the
reproduction of protected works.
Students are expected to use copyrighted material in legal
and ethical ways.
Copyright law is media-neutral and applies to any
copyrighted work, whatever the format. Such works can include—but are not
limited to—texts, images, audio, video, and software. Copying can occur on
photocopiers, scanners, printers, computers, or other networked devices. See “General IT Usage Policies” (The Compass : Student Handbook, 2014-15,
Section X, Part B, pp. 68-69) for more details about copyright and computer use.
All copying is not prohibited. Principles of fair use allow
students to make single copies of copyrighted works for their own research and
study. Additional principles of fair use
permit students to use copyrighted material in the classroom for presentations
or assignments. However, if that same
material were placed on a website, used in a newsletter, or mounted to social
media, permission from the copyright holder is required. Without permission,
such actions would be infringements and potentially subject to civil and
Note: copyrighted material
found in the licensed databases provided by the Library may or may not fall
under fair use unless specifically allowed by the databases’ terms of
Unauthorized reproduction or distribution of copyrighted
materials can incur substantial civil or criminal penalties. Civil copyright
damages can range from $750 to $30,000 per work infringed. ‘Willful’
infringement can increase the charge to $150,000 per work, and criminal charges
can rise as high as $250,000 per infringement and may include up to 5 years imprisonment as well.
For more information about copyright and the principles of
fair use see Plough Library’s Research Guide on Copyright at http://libguides.cbu.edu/copyright.